Monday, 9 December 2013

Nobel Peace Prize: Khruschev, 1960

In 1960 the last day of January a Soviet Embassador in Oslo, on the directions of the Soviet Government, asked the Nobel Committee to postpone nominations for the Peace Prize.  Khrushchev wanted the Nobel Peace Prize to be shared by himself and Eisenhower.  The Nobel Committee did not want to award the Prize to a statesman still in office, for the power it might give him and the repercussions it might reap if that statesman were to begin a war.

In 1960, the Committee decided none of its nominees met the criteria outlined in Nobel's will.  It awarded two prizes in 1961, the one left over from 1960 was awarded to South African politician and teacher Albert Lutuli (the 1961 Prize went to UN Secretary Gereral Hammarskj√∂ld).

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